Sustainable tourism development with special reference to the European Union
Keywords:sustainable tourism development, the European Union, the indicators of sustainable tourism, challenges of tourism development
Tourism is the world's leading service industry. At the end of the last century it became clear that tourism has a significant impact on employment growth, foreign exchange earnings, balanced regional development and it indirectly generates benefits for other economic activities. The basics for the tourism development are natural attractiveness. With the development of mass tourism there has been uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, which are primarily reflected in the decline in the quality and the ability to restore them. Contemporary trends in the tourism market indicate the existence of a growing demand for naturally preserved and ecologically clean area. This trend has caused the need to raise awareness of the importance of the links between tourism and the environment. Align development of tourism and conservation of natural resources has been established thanks to the adoption and application of the principles of sustainability. This paper presents the basic principles of sustainable tourism development. The aim of paper is to highlight the importance of sustainable tourism development of the European Union. The emphasis is on the analysis of sustainable tourism development, as well as policies and programs relating to exercise responsible behavior towards the natural environment that the European Community has been implementing.
Bramwell, B., Lane, B., (2011), "Crises, sustainable tourism and achieving critical understanding“, Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19 (1), 1–3.
ECORYS, (2009), Study on the Competitiveness of the EU tourism industry – with specific focus on the accommodation and tour operator & travel agent industries, Final Report.
European Commision, (2010), EDEN- European Destinations of Excellence, Belguim.
European Commision, (2011), EDEN- European Destinations of Excellence, Belguim.
European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry, (2010) Calypso widens Europe’s travel horizons, Belgium.
EUROSTAT, (2011), Sustainable development in the European Union, 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy, Belguim.
Hrabovski -Tomi?, E., Mili?evi?, S., (2012), Razvoj turizma Vrnja?ke Banje na principima održivog razvoja, Teme br. 2, 755-771.
Jovi?i?, D., Ili?, T., (2010), Indikatori održivog turizma, Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva br.1.
Jovi?i?, D., (2002), Menadžment turisti?kih destinacija, Želnid, Beograd.
Cristina Calabro, (2013), Sustainable Tourism within the EU Tourism Policy, DG Enterprise and Industry, Tourism Policy Unit, Fourth meeting of the ARLEM's Commission for Sustainable Development (SUDEV),Brussels.
Liu, Z. (2003), "Sustainable tourism development: a critique", Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (6), 459-475.
Milenkovi?, S., (2009),Turizam i ekonomija, Ekonomski fakultet, Kragujevac.
Our Common Future, (1987), World Commission on Enviroment and Development, Oxsford University Press, Oxford.
Stankovi?, S. (2003), "Životna sredina, turizam i prostorno planiranje", Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva br.2, 19-30.
The European Cycle Route Network Eurovelo, (2009), Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism, Brussels.
TSG, (2007), Action for more Sustainable European Tourism, Report of the Tourism Sustainability Group.
UNEP, (2005), Making Tourism More Sustainable, A Guide for Policy Makers, World Tourism Organisation, Madrid.
UNEP, (2003), Tourism and Local Agenda 21, The Role of Local Authorities in Sustainable Tourism, France;
www.unwto.org , World Tourism Organisation, (pristup dana 22.02.2013.)
http://www.eubusiness.com/topics/tourism , EU Business (pristup 24.02.2013.)
http://www.ecotourism.org/what-is-ecotourism, The International Ecotourism Society, (pristup dana 28.02.2013.)
http://www.cenort.rs/?page_id=87, Centar za odgovorni i održivi razvoj turizma(pristup 02.03.2013.)
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/, European Commision (pristup dana 11.03.2013.);
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/tourism/calypso/index_en.htm European Commision (pristup dana 17.03.2013.)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2013 Hotel and Tourism Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.